Nitric oxide nanoparticles

Cover imageA new platform using biocompatible materials is presented for generating powders comprised of nanoparticles that release therapeutic levels of nitric oxide (NO) in a controlled and sustained manner. The capacity of these particles to retain and gradually release NO arises from their having combined features of both glassy matrices and hydrogels. This feature allows both for the generation of NO through the thermal reduction of added nitrite by glucose and for the retention of the generated NO within the dry particles. Exposure of these robust biocompatible nanoparticles to moisture initiates the sustained release of the trapped NO over extended time periods as determined both fluorimetrically and amperometrically. The slow sustained release is in contrast to the much faster release pattern associated with the hydration-initialed NO release in powders derived from glassy matrices. These glasses are prepared using trehalose and sucrose doped with either glucose or tagatose as the source of thermal electrons needed to convert nitrite to gNO. Significantly, the release profiles for the NO in the hydrogel/glass composite materials are found to be an easily tuned parameter that is modulated through the specific additives used in preparing the hydrogel/glass composites. The presented data raise the prospect that these new NO releasing nanoparticles can be easily formulated for use under a wide range of therapeutic circumstances.

Abbreviations

  • gNO, Gaseous nitric oxide;
  • NO, Nitric oxide;
  • TEM, Transmission electron microscopy;
  • TMOS, Tetramethylorthosilicate (also known as tetramethoxysilane);
  • PEG, Polyethylene glycol;
  • DAF, Diaminofluorescein

Keywords

  • Nitric oxide;
  • Nanotechnology;
  • Sustained release;
  • Nitrite;
  • Trehalose;
  • Sucrose;
  • Glucose;
  • Tagatose;
  • Hydrogel;
  • PEG;
  • Chitosan;
  • Platform technology
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